This is the main page describing the process of installing and performing basic testing of FreeSWITCH™ and its prerequisites on OS X.
If you have not read the Mac OS X page please view it now. Installation instructions are provided for OS X 10.11, 10.10 and 10.9, instructions for older releases are no longer maintained and can be found at the Mac OS X Archive.
For purposes of this these instructions, each OS X release was built clean, not upgraded from a prior OS X release.
FreeSWITCH™ OS X Testing History
|10.11.4 El Capitan||March 21, 2016||7.3|
1.7.0+git~20160321 Master Development
|10.10.5 Yosemite||March 21, 2016|
|1.7.0+git~20160321 Master Development|
|10.9.5 Mavericks||February 26, 2016||6.2||1.7.0+git~20160226 Master Development|
Warnings About Upgraded Systems
Systems that were upgraded from older software may have issues due to old parts of a prior OS X or Xcode still intact. In these cases a fresh OS X and Xcode install may required.
Upgraded OS X?
Most upgraded OS X systems work depending on the level of the oldest original system. Systems upgraded from 10.7 or older may have problems due to old files left in various directories.
Most upgraded Xcode systems will work depending on the level of the oldest original Xcode. Xcode upgraded from version 4 or earlier may have problems.
Prerequisites Previously Installed Differently?
If prerequisites were previously installed using different methods than described here, there may be problems.
This procedure installs a significant amount of software, all of it can be removed using the procedures at the bottom of this page. However, there may be times when parts of the Apple Command Line Tools, part of Xcode may remain. Although there is no problem leaving the CLT installed, If you want to remove them it's best to backup before starting this procedure.
Terminal Application Preferences
We'll use the Terminal application extensively during installation and to start FreeSWITCH™ initially. You should make the following changes to save time during this procedure:
- Copy Terminal in the Applications/Utilities folder into the Dock for quick access.
- Start the Terminal application by clicking it in the dock. Then open its preferences panel.
- In Settings–>Profiles–>Window change the Window Size to larger values such as 140x48 to reduce having to resize the window often.
- In Settings–>Profiles–>Window set Scrollback to "Limit to Available Memory" or a larger number. Many messages are produced that may be needed for problem analysis.
- In Settings–>Profiles–>Shell set Prompt before closing to "Only if there are processes other than:". This prevents the Terminal window from closing when FreeSWITCH™ is shutdown if it started automatically, which would result in the loss of all messages in the window. This is useful during debugging. If FreeSWITCH™ started manually the window does not close.
Installation of FreeSWITCH™ on OS X can be performed using the AppleScript installer, or manually.
The OS X FreeSWITCH™ Installer simplifies installation of FreeSWITCH™ on OS X by automating all of the manual steps, except for prompting for an administrator password. It creates command output logs which are very useful if a problem occurs. The installer can be downloaded at Installation on OS X Using AppleScript.
The OS X FreeSWITCH™ Installer
Even if you use the OS X FreeSWITCH™ Installer it's a good idea to read the manual instructions so you know what the installer will add to the system.-
A manual installation involves downloading and installing the following groups of software:
- Apple Xcode that provides the tools needed to generate everything else
- Prerequisite packages that FreeSWITCH™ needs to function
- FreeSWITCH™ itself
Simply Follow the steps below to perform a manual installation. There is extra information for people who want it. If you're not very technical don't let the explanations intimidate you. Just follow the steps and FreeSWITCH™ should be installed in an hour or two.
OS X Developer Tools
The OS X Developer Tools are composed of two parts, the Xcode OS X Software Developer Kit used to develop and test OS X GUI applications, and the Command Line Tools that provide LLVM, Clang, Git and other tools required to generate non-GUI applications such as FreeSWITCH™ and its prerequisites.
Select OS X Release
Click a link below for instructions on installing Xcode. The pages link back here to continue.
Installation is Complete
This section is used to allow the previous pages to return to this location. Do not remove this section.
Setup Installation Directories
OS X provides the /usr directory which contains subdirectories. This procedure adds the directory local to /usr as /usr/local where FreeSWITCH™ and its prerequisite source and runtime files are placed. These files are kept out of OS X supplied directories to allow easy removal of FreeSWITCH™ and its prerequisites.
Show Invisible Files and Directories in the Finder
OS X hides many Unix directories and files from the Finder including the directories created by this procedure. These files and directories can be unhidden so they appear on the desktop, Finder windows and file dialogs. Additional information and scripts for showing invisible files are in the Customization on OS X guide. View hidden files by running the lines below in Terminal:
Create /usr Subdirectories
The user name (owner) and group name of /usr/local and it's subdirectories must match the user and group FreeSWITCH™ will run under. This is typically the main user name of the Mac. View this information (yourname and yourgroup) by running the following command in Terminal:
The user name and group appear in the third and fourth columns. Now create the /usr/local and /usr/local/src directories, replace yourname and yourgroup with the ones obtained from the previous command:
You will access /usr/local often so it should be placed in the Finder "FAVORITES" sidebar for quick access. Navigate to the /usr/local folder in the Finder, then drag the local folder under "FAVORITES".
Extra info: Even though OS X did not contain the /usr/local directory, /usr/local/bin is defined at the end of the default OS X path. The path is viewed by running "echo $PATH" in Terminal. If you don't understand this, don't worry, it doesn't affect anything.
If OS X is 10.11 El Capitan or later: NEVER delete the local directory in /usr after it's created! It's very difficult to recreate, it must be restored from a backup. This is due to System Integrity Protection (aka rootless) security starting with OS X 10.11.
Prerequisite Installation Options
Additional programs are required to generate and run FreeSWITCH™. Most are installed using Homebrew, a package manager and its repository of products for OS X. Homebrew saves time since there is no need to locate packages and determine the version required for each OS X release. Homebrew's Git repository is maintained by volunteers.
Install Package Manager and Prerequisites
The Homebrew package manager and prerequisites install in approximately 10 to 15 minutes.
Homebrew installation is simple, the install command is found at the Homebrew home page and is listed below.
- Open Terminal if not already opened, paste and run the ruby command from any directory.
- Run the command "brew doctor" to verify homebrew works, this command could take a couple of minutes.
The basic FreeSWITCH™ prerequisite packages are installed by running the following command in Terminal from any directory:
OS X is now ready to download and install FreeSWITCH™.
Selecting a Version
There are two versions of FreeSWITCH™ to choose from: the current release version recommended for production systems, and master containing the latest fixes and features used during development. The current release version is recommended unless you need newer features or patches added since the current release of FreeSWITCH™. Additional Information is located at Source Options.
This documentation is tested with the master version to keep it as recent as possible and to provide feedback to the developers. If there are problems the developers may request that you install the master version for diagnosis.
Download Using Git Clone
Download FreeSWITCH™ by switching to the src directory and invoking one of the "git clone" commands below. The git command creates the freeswitch directory in src (/usr/local/src/freeswitch) and downloads the FreeSWITCH™ source files.
Generate Installation and Configuration Files
This step creates installation files based on the operating system and installed packages. ./bootstrap.sh creates many files such as modules.conf used to add optional functionality to FreeSWITCH™, while ./configure sets compilation options. Enter the following commands (each will run several minutes):
Add Text–To–Speech Module
Additional functionality may be required as your FreeSWITCH™ needs become more complex. Optional modules are used to add new functions to FreeSWITCH™ by editing the modules.conf file. The FLITE Text To Speech functionality is recommended for a new system since some of the sample tests require it. The easiest way to add the FLITE module is to paste and run the following line into Terminal:
If you prefer to manually edit the modules.conf file use this procedure:
- Use the Finder to navigate to the /usr/local/src/freeswitch directory.
- Scroll to and double-click modules.conf in the freeswitch directory, the first time requires application selection, Textedit should be used.
- Search for "flite" and remove the # to uncomment.
- Save the file.
If this is your first FreeSWITCH™ don't add more than the FLITE module. Some modules may have prerequisites in addition to what is listed in this procedure.
Compile, Create Additional Source Directories and Check for Errors
This step compiles the programs and creates additional directories and files based on modules.conf. While still in /usr/local/src/freeswitch compile FreeSWITCH™ with the "make" command, it runs for several minutes:
If there are no errors proceed, otherwise seek assistance from the FreeSWITCH-users mailing list
Generate FreeSWITCH™ Runtime
This creates the /usr/local/freeswitch runtime library and executable programs.
Download and Install Sounds
There are mandatory sound prompts and optional music on hold files. All must be downloaded to run the sample IVR. There are four versions available:
- sounds-install moh-install (8 kHz)
- hd-sounds-install hd-moh-install (16 kHz)
- uhd-sounds-install uhd-moh-install (32 kHz)
- cd-sounds-install cd-moh-install (48 kHz)
The cd sounds are recommended since all the sampling rates are provided resulting in fewer problems. Invoke the following command:
This optional step can be performed to save space by removing the temporary files created by make:
Startup From the Command Line
The time has come to start FreeSWITCH™ in a Terminal window:
There are many startup messages ending with some text boxes containing the names of the developers.
Test the FreeSWITCH™ Command Prompt
After all startup messages are displayed a command prompt appears, messages may continue as the prompt remains. Try a few FreeSWITCH™ commands:
If the commands return responses FreeSWITCH™ is working and you can continue with the next step.
Test A Phone
Test using a physical SIP phone or soft phone such as Bria, or search the OS X App Store for "SIP" for a free download of Telephone. Setup the phone using the IP address of the Mac FreeSWITCH™ is running on. The port is 5060, user IDs 1000-1019 with a password of 1234 are pre-configured. Additional information is at Test Calls. Test as many functions as you can to experience the potential of FreeSWITCH™.
Issue the following command in the FreeSWITCH™ Terminal window:
FreeSWITCH™ may occasionally require updating due to new features, fixes, etc. To download the latest updates, compile FreeSWITCH™ and create updated runtime binaries, run the following two commands:
To update Homebrew and its formulas run "brew update" in Terminal, this should be run prior to upgrading packages. To upgrade all packages, run "brew upgrade", or to upgrade a single package run "brew upgrade package-name" command.
Consider backing up modified or new configuration files you created! FreeSWITCH™ is completely removed by deleting the /usr/local/freeswitch and /usr/local/src/freeswitch directories using the Finder (drag to trash) or in Terminal:
Remove Homebrew and Prerequisites
Packages installed by Homebrew are listed using the "brew list" command. They are removed using the "brew uninstall package-name" command. To remove packages and Homebrew run the following in Terminal:
Xcode is installed as an OS X package (directory) that looks like a single application file. To remove Xcode drag the application to the trash, empty it and restart OS X.
Remove Everything Else
If the /usr/local directory existed prior to using this procedure it has to be examined to determine if the contents are deletable. If the instructions on this page were followed, and the /usr/local directory was created during this procedure, everything can be removed to roll back the system prior to using this procedure by performing these steps:
- Drag everything in the /usr/local directory to the trash. Or delete it in Terminal (OS X prompts for the administrator password):
Hide Invisible Files and Directories in the Finder
To reverse the show hidden files step, open the Terminal application and run each line below. All hidden files will disappear from the desktop, Finder and file dialogs.